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Canadian Antique : THE 1873 BENNETT’S SYROP JUG : FROM PENNSYLVANIA TO BALTIMORE.
Posted by MimiAntiques on 2016/5/12 1:50:00 (440 reads)
Canadian Antique

THE 1873 BENNETT’S SYROP JUG : FROM PENNSYLVANIA TO BALTIMORE.
Jean-Pierre Dion


In this note, we solve the mystery of the white ware (ironstone) syrop jug which bears under its base the stamped mark “ BENNETT’S PATENT, jan 28 1873 ”. We take this opportunity to dispel some inaccuracies about the Bennett family activities.


Several molasses or syrop jugs bearing the stamped mark “BENNETT’S PATENT, jan 28 1873” are known to exist, generally attributed to the famed Baltimore Queensware Pottery of Edwin Bennett. However, this patent was not issued to Edwin Bennett, although many take it for granted, but to Mark J. Bennett, of Braddocks, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. What was the patent about and what was the relationship, if any, between Mark and Edwin Bennett?


Syrop jug

 

Syrop jug with pewter top, white ware of the ironstone variety with hand-colored flowers and gold bands and the stamped mark on the bottom. H. 18 cm. A similar undecorated syrop jug with the same mark is shown and discussed in the recent book on Philip Pointon, a master potter in Baltimore and elsewhere (Beaudry Dion & Dion, 2013, p. 102). Photo Jacqueline B. Dion.
 

The second and fourth paragraphs of the USPO Letters Patent states clearly the improvement claimed by Mark J. Bennett on that date:
 

“ My invention relates to that class of molasses jugs or pitchers provided with an inner spout, an outer lip or ange to catch the drip, and a channel between the outer lip and inner spout, through which the drip can run back into the body of the jug or pitcher…the said spout and shoulder being formed in one piece and of the same material  as the body of the jug…”
 

USPO Letters


The Bennett Brothers, James, Daniel, Edwin and William, are associated with the first East Liverpool pottery, Ohio, which produced Rockingham and Yellow Ware. James (1812-July 31, 1862), a potter from England, left for the USA while in his early 20’s. After some work at the Jersey City Pottery, and the Indiana Pottery Co., he settled in East Liverpool to erect, in 1839, a pottery. His first kiln of ware was burned in 1840. Foreseeing success, he asked in April 1841 his three brothers, all practical potters in England, to join him in the manufacture of pottery and they in turn arrived in America in September 1841, as an Ancestry.com photo of the ship manifest of Daniel and William Bennett so indicates (Hawkins, 2009, p. 139, gives a wrong arrival date of 1842). In 1844, they moved to Birmingham, now a part of Pittsburg, PA, to establish another pottery (see Barber, 1893, p. 194-198; Barth, 1926, p. 196-197; Cushing, 1889, p. 499; Jervis, 1902, p.43-45; Spargo, 1926, p. 321-323 as well as the East Liverpool Historical Society website
http://www.eastliverpoolhistoricalsociety.org/bennet.htm).

Daniel (1815- April 6, 1892) had arrived to the USA with his wife Catherine Bates, his son Mark J. and daughter Ely. (Cushing, 1889, p. 499 and p. 574). Mark J., aged 21 at the 1860 US census, was thus born c.1839. At the 1870 census, Mark J.’s occupation is described as Glass Manufacturer. Effectively, by 1869, William and Daniel stopped manufacturing pottery and became involved, with Mark J., with the Crystal Glass Co (1870-1888), located nearby in Pittsburg, (Southside). An advertisement of 1870, given in Hawkins, (2009, p. 142), indicates Daniel Bennett as President of the Crystal Glass Co., William Bennett as secretary and treasurer, Mark J. Bennett as Business Agent and John Henderson as factory Sup’t. Clearly Mark’s motivation for the patent was to have the production of glass syrop jugs at the Crystal Glass Co., but it could be used also, as stated in the letters patent, for earthenware containers.

Meanwhile, Edwin Bennett (1818-June 13,1908) moved to Baltimore; he erected a pottery at that place in 1847 (not in 1846 as inferred by Barber on p. 195, and repeated by Spargo, p. 224, Ramsay, p. 164 and many others).  We take this opportunity to establish firmly that fact. The following two extracts from Newspapers of 1847 are self-explanatory.


The Sun

 

William (1821- August 24, 1889) was Edwin’s partner in Baltimore from 1848 (or 1849) to 1856, before returning to Carrick, a neighborhood of Pittsburg. Then in 1863 William again united with Daniel in the pottery venture. During the civil war, according to Revi, p. 163, Edwin Bennett left Baltimore for Philadelphia where he became partner in a glass factory accordingly called Gillinder & Bennett (1863-1867). His involvement and close ties with William T. Gillinder is attested by several glassware patents attributed to Bennett alone or jointly with Gillinder, during the period 1865-1869 (improvement for fruit jars, 1865; for glass bottles, 1866; for preserve jars, 1866; for lamp chimneys, 1869; for a machine for cleaning sand, 1869). One patent dated July 13, 1869, indicates that Edwin Bennett is once more a resident of Baltimore, having returned since a while to take care of his Queensware Pottery. But his relation with the Gillinder family would continue: his own daughter Martha married James Gillinder, son of William T. Gillinder, in April 1867 and they had a son in 1870 which they named Edwin Bennett Gillinder...

White ware was introduced in 1868 (not 1869 as stated by Barber, p. 195 and others) at the Edwin Bennett Queensware Pottery. Philip Pointon, who was then Superintendent at the Queensware Pottery, did produce, already in August 1868, white granite as well as cream color ware (see Beaudry Dion & Dion, 2013, p. 42). Both Bennett and Pointon are recorded in the alphabetical section of the Woods’ Baltimore City Directory for 1868-69, published in Nov. 1868.

At the time of the patent for the Bennett’s syrop jug, Edwin Bennett was the only member of the family still involved with pottery, notably white ware, plain and decorated. It is more than likely that he is the one responsible for the production of the earthenware jug pictured here, using freely his nephew’s patent.

The exhibition The Potter’s Craft in Maryland held in Baltimore from March to May 1955, presented a white ware syrop jug with pewter top, marked Bennett’s Patent 1886 [1873?], lent  by Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Bennett Filbert (exhibit no 54 in the 1955 catalogue of the Maryland Historical Society). The exhibition also contained a copy of the resolution of the Mayor and Council of Baltimore, dated May 20, 1847, granting Edwin Bennett permission to erect a queensware factory at the corner of Caton [Canton] Avenue and Canal Street. [In fact, this resolution was amended and passed already on May 13, 1847, according to The Sun, May 14, 1847, p. 4]. Despite that information, the catalogue repeats the date of 1846 for the erection of the pottery in Baltimore.

This Pottery had a long and fruitful life, as did its founder and owner. Edwin Bennett, born March 6, 1818, was said to be the oldest potter alive in America before he died on June 13, 1908, being 90 years old. (Trenton Evening Times, June 16, 1908).

In conclusion, the stamped mark Bennett’s Patent jan 28 1873 on the syrop jug does refer to letters patent issued to Mark J. Bennett, of Braddocks, Pennsylvania. Mark was only involved, at that time, with glass ware, not pottery. The white ware syrop jug itself was most likely produced at the Baltimore Queensware Pottery of his uncle Edwin Bennett, sometimes after that date. One such syrop jug was reportedly offered to Wallace Nutting as a wedding gift on Oct. 28, 1884 (The Palm Beach Post, West Palm Beach, Florida, March 25, 2001).


Signatures of Mark J. Bennett, 1873 and of Edwin Bennett, 1874, both from USPO documents.

Signatures of Mark J. Bennett, 1873 and of Edwin Bennett, 1874, both from USPO documents.

 

References

 

BARBER, EDWIN ATLEE. The Pottery and Porcelain of the United States, N.Y. & London, The Knickerbokers Press, 1893, 446 p.

BARTH, Harrold B. History of Columbiana County, Ohio, Topeka and Indianapolis, Historical Publication Co. 1926.  

BEAUDRY DION, JACQUELINE & JEAN-PIERRE DION. Philip Pointon (1831-1881), maître-potier à Baraboo, Cap-Rouge, Trenton, Baltimore, Saint-Jean. Privately printed by the authors, Saint-Lambert, 2013, 128 p.  ISBN 978-2-9812228-2-4

CUSHING,Thomas. The History of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Chicago, A. Warner & Co, 1889.

[EAST LIVERPOOL HISTORICAL SOCIETY]
 http://www.eastliverpoolhistoricalsociety.org/bennet.htm

GOLDBERG, Arthur F.  “Highlights in the Development of the Rockingham and Yellow ware Industry in the United States- A Brief Review with Representative Examples”, Ceramics in America 2003, (Robert Hunter, ed. 321 p.) Milwaukee, WI, Chipstone Foundation, 2003, p. 26-46.

HAWKINS, JAY W. Glasshouses and Glass Manufacturers of the Pittsburgh Region: 1795-1910. iUniverse Publ., 2009, 612 p.

JERVIS, W. P. The Encyclopedia of Ceramics, New York, W. P. Jervis, 1902, 673 p.

[MARYLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY]. The Potter’s Craft in Maryland / An Exhibition of Nearly 200 Examples of Pottery Manufactured 1793 to 1890, Baltimore, Maryland, The Maryland Historical Society, 1955.

MYERS, Susan H. “Aesthetic Aspirations : Baltimore Potters and the Art Craze”, American Ceramic Circle Journal, Vol. VIII, NY, The American Ceramic Circle, 1992, p 25-54.

RAMSAY, John. American Potters and Pottery. Clinton, Massachusset, Colonial Press Inc., 1939, 304 p.

REVI, ALBERT CHRISTIAN. American Pressed Glass and Figure Bottles. Nelson, New York, 1964, third printing 1970. 446 p.

SPARGO, John. Early American Pottery and China, NY & London, The Century Co., 1926, xviii + 393 p.

 

 

 

 

 

Jean-Pierre Dion

 

In this note, we solve the mystery of the white ware (ironstone) syrop jug which bears under its base the stamped mark “ BENNETT’S PATENT, jan 28 1873 ”. We take this opportunity to dispel some inaccuracies about the Bennett family activities.

 

Several molasses or syrop jugs bearing the stamped mark “BENNETT’S PATENT, jan 28 1873” are known to exist, generally attributed to the famed Baltimore Queensware Pottery of Edwin Bennett. However, this patent was not issued to Edwin Bennett, although many take it for granted, but to Mark J. Bennett, of Braddocks, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. What was the patent about and what was the relationship, if any, between Mark and Edwin Bennett?

Rating: 10.00 (1 vote) - Rate this News -
Quebec, Canada Antique Show Reviews : The Old Montreal Antiques Show
Posted by John Moise on 2010/10/20 7:20:00 (10620 reads)

The Old Montreal Antiques Show

15th October 2010

 

The second annual Old Montreal Antiques Show once again brought together a host of high quality antique dealers from across Quebec and Ontario.  The show was full of atmosphere with the string quartet playing and the champagne and wine flowing. For your enjoyment, Antiques Promotion Canada presents some of the dealers favourite and most expensive pieces from the show.  Just for fun, we challenge you to guess the correct price.  Hold your mouse over the 'See the Price' button to see how close you are!  

 

Shown here is the Promoter of:        

The Old Montreal Antiques Show

Stephan Gagnon

La Belle Gueule de Bois

 

 


Most Expensive Pieces


Favourite Pieces


La Belle Gueule De Bois, Magog, Quebec

 

 

Quebec Lion footed cabinet displayed by the show promoter Stephan Gagnon.

Did you get it right?

Set of 6, Quebec Ile d'Orleans 19th Century Chairs.

Did you get it right?

 


Times Past Antiques, Ottawa, Ontario

 

 

 

1896 Zlotny silver Bust of Emperor Nicholas I, by Morozov

Did you get it right?

Russian Imperial Gilt Bronze Box with Enamel Plaques, circa 1870-80.

Did you get it right?


Philippe et Anne Pallafray, Ile d'Orleans, Quebec

 

 

 

French Art Deco ceramic vase by Rene Buthaud (1886-1986).

Did you get it right?

Art Deco Sterling Silver knife stand set, with fishing and hunting scenes.

Did you get it right?


Croydon House Antiques, Enterprise, Ontario

"Sunset on the St. Lawrence" painting.

Did you get it right?

 

Canadian Folk Art "Lion in Cage" painting, circa 1930.

Did you get it right?


Pridham's, Vankleek Hill, Ontario

 

 

 

 

Bronze bust by Marc-Aurele de Foy Suzor-Cote (1869-1937) "Pierre Martin".

Did you get it right?

Rosewood Chinese Foo Dog, with carved ball in mouth and between feet, c.1850.

Did you get it right?


Blemora Heritage Antiques, Utterson, Ontario

Glazed redware pottery picture frame from Ahrens Pottery, Ontario, late 19th Century.

Did you get it right?

 

Iroquois glass beaded purse on moose hair, early 19th Century.

Did you get it right?

 


Quebec Decoys, Laval, Quebec

White backed female tufted duck by Peter Pringle, Dunville, Ontario

Did you get it right?

 

Common Golden Eye female Decoy by Orel Le Boeuf, St. Anicet, Qc, circa 1950.

Did you get it right?


Gerard Bourguet Antiquaire, Quebec

 

 

Quebecois Adam Armoire, decorated with flowers and foliage, from the region of Joliette, circa 1790-1810.

Did you get it right?

 

 

 

 

Quebec Louis XV corner cabinet with shell detail and design along base, circa 1780-1800.

Did you get it right?


Peter E. Baker Antiques, Elgin, Quebec

 

 

 

Quebec, Louis XVIII armoire with beautiful blue colour.

Did you get it right?

 

 

 

Quebec, Louis XIII armchair, with arched legs and reversed arms.

Did you get it right?


Antiquites Brian Davies, Knowlton, Quebec

Thank you postcard from Emily Carr (1871-1945) to Rose Millman, Dominion Gallery, Montreal.

Did you get it right?

 

 

 

Quebec 19th Century pine tabernacle door.

Did you get it right?


Dacart Oeuvres d`Art, Longueuil, Quebec

Stunning Bronze sculpture of cockerel by Luciano Minguzzi.

Did you get it right?

 

 

 

 

 

17th Century Pharmaceutical apothecary,  made in Rouen.  

Did you get it right?


More pieces of interest or expense!


Smith's Creek Antiques, Port Hope, Ontario

 

 

A wonderful 18th Century Buffet with "Chapeau Gendarme" panels and rare St. Andrews Cross detail.

Did you get it right?

 

Barry Ezrin Antiques, Moffat, Ontario

Low pine Buffet or Commode, owned by Sister St. Madeline, L'Hopital General de Quebec, c.1690.

Did you get it right?

 


The Artophile Gallery, Port Perry, Ontario


Cynthia Findlay Antiques, Toronto, Ontario

Original canvas poster artwork for 'Casablanca'.

Did you get it right?

Sterling silver presentation centerpiece, given as a gift from Louis Alexandre Tashereau (Premier of Quebec 1920-1936) to his nephew (Mr. R. A. Benoit) in 1929.

Did you get it right?


Milord Antiquites, Montreal, Quebec


Louis Morin, Montreal, Quebec

A stunning Charles X period rosewood twelve sided center table, with inlaid boxwood attributes on a tripod pedestal with lion paws feet, circa 1825.

 

Did you get it right?

 

 

 

A fantastic piece of Scandinavian art pottery, depicting a bunch of grapes.

Did you get it right?


Grand Central, Montreal, Quebec


 

 

A French Louis XVI style hidden desk with intricate inlaid wood and bronze detailing, circa 1850.

 

Did you get it right?

 


Rating: 10.00 (1 vote) - Rate this News -
Evaluate your Antiques : How to Evaluate Your Antiques and Collectibles
Posted by AntiqueLover on 2010/9/24 15:40:00 (10 reads)

The Magic Question ... How Much is it Worth?

It's always tricky to answer that question precisely as price may vary over time. It is important to understand that two identical items might sell for very different prices depending on; who the seller is, where the object is sold, the timing, the provenance, etc. Even though, it's is reasonable to believe that past prices will make a great prediction on average, of future prices.  

The Secret to Evaluating Objectively

Simply saying you have a jar makes it nearly impossible to know how much it's worth. It helps to say that it's a pottery cookie jar, but there is still a lot of information missing. By adding a picture there is a much better sense of the item but if there are no visible marks to help identify the model or manufacturer, an objective evaluation still cannot be made. The secret to properly identifying a vintage or antique item is to gather as much information as possible and use multiple resources to definitively identify the item and determine its value.

1. Use the appropriate Antiques Promotion Canada forum to ask questions and post photos. Someone in the community – a dealer or another collector, may be able to provide information about your object (the style, the maker, its age, etc.). In fact, had you posted a picture of this cookie jar, we’re confident you would already have your answer that it is a Little Chef cookie jar by Shawnee Pottery.

2. Reference Books are one of the best ways to find complete information about an object. There are general books like “Kovel's Antiques & Collectibles Price Guide” and “Schroeder's Antiques Price Guide,” although this has few photos but lists lots of objects. For beginners, we recommend more illustrated price guides such as “Millers Antiques Price Guide” (lots of colour pictures) or even better for Canadians, “The Unitt's Canadian Price Guides” with black and white photos from antique shops all over Canada. There are also books on all kinds of specialized subjects. If you have multiple objects in the same category, it would be wise to invest in such a book. You can find these books at shows from specialized dealers, on eBay, AbeBooks or Amazon.ca. Please see our book review section for links to books with Canadian connections.

Books with no pictures will discuss Shawnee Pottery and probably list a “Little Chef” cookie jar, but based on the little information in our example, it is unlikely you would find it. On the other hand, specialized books on cookie jars would be the best way to identify your cookie jar, as they are most likely to have a picture of it.

3. Researching on the Internet can produce extraordinary results or be very disappointing. Good luck! In general, information presented can be incomplete and/or very hard to find. We recommend you use Google but you need to have some idea what you are looking for. Sometimes a Google Image search can provide great results. We also recommend trying an eBay search, which is one of the easiest and best free search tools available. Yet another resource is LiveAuctioneers.com, also free and easy to find more expensive antiques auction results.

A Google search using “cookie jar chef” would be inconclusive because of how prevalent these words are on the Internet. However, an eBay search using the same keywords would provide more interesting results. When we tested this search, there was one Shawnee Little Chef cookie jar out of the 95 items on the eBay search. Furthermore, there were three Shawnee Little Chef cookie jars in the 295 completed items found. Note that search results for completed eBay auctions will vary because only the last two weeks of auction data is accessible. The same is true for current auctions or “Buy it Now” opportunities

Determining the Price

When you have an accurate description of your object, finding its value is relatively simple. 

1.   For small objects that are relatively common, which is more than 99.5% of items, eBay is generally a great solution. Completed items from the past two weeks often provide a reasonable evaluation. In our example, there were three Shawnee “Little Chef” cookie jars that sold on eBay but only one is identical with the same colour. It sold for $55. It's possible that during another week, an identical cookie jar will sell for more or less than $55 but it gives us a good idea of its commercial potential.

2.   For small but very rare objects, auction results are often needed. You can order specialized auction catalogues on AbeBooks or on eBay.

3.   For furniture, books with value guides are generally reliable although the suggested values are sometimes too high. Rely on your market experience to adjust the suggested prices to something more realistic. If you have little or no experience, we suggest going to a local auction to see how much similar items sell for. Online classifieds are also a good source of information, though not necessarily a good indicator of price.

Good Luck!  

 

 

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